This room is named after John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722).  After a successful career as both a soldier and a courtier during the reigns of Charles II, James II, and William and Mary, he commanded the Allied Armies in the Low Countries, between 1702 and 1711 during the war against France. He won a series of notable victories including the battles of Blenheim (1705), Ramillies (1706), and Malplaquet (1709) and is widely recognised as one of the greatest soldiers Britain has produced.

The room contains paintings, prints and drawings illustrating his military career, together with portraits of his most famous descendant, Sir Winston Churchill, who was a Gentleman Cadet at the Royal Military College from September 1893 until February 1895.

The major piece is a painting on leather, used for many years as a screen, of the Battle of Blenheim, painted by Horensburg shortly after the battle.

This room is used as an officer cadet ante-room where one of the companies of cadets assemble before dinner and on other occasions.

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